Research Reports

Modelling of the infectious syphilis outbreak in Indigenous Australians

This report summarises key findings from mathematical modelling undertaken in 2018–2019 to provide insight into the infectious syphilis outbreak in Indigenous Australians occurring in regional and remote areas of Queensland, Northern Territory, South Australia and Western Australia. The research was undertaken by the Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, for the Multi-jurisdictional Syphilis Outbreak (MJSO) Working Group with funding from the Australian Department of Health.

The INTO? Study: Report of Results

The INTO? study was a cross-sectional survey of gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Australia conducted between December 2019 and March 2020. INTO? examined recent sexual and drug use events, with a focus on how biomedical HIV prevention methods may affect the negotiation of sex and drug use practices. Focusing on specific events rather than behaviour over a period of time can be useful to understand the complexities and specifics of intentions, behaviours, and disclosure of HIV status as individuals negotiate sex with different partners.

Hepatitis C Elimination in NSW: Monitoring and Evaluation Report, 2019

This report provides an account of progress towards hepatitis C elimination in NSW, as framed by state, national, and global strategies. The targets and associated objectives of these strategies are to improve testing, treatment, and uptake of preventative measures for hepatitis C, and to reduce the incidence, morbidity, and mortality associated with hepatitis C. Each objective has a series of measurable indicators for monitoring progress, including a set of specific targets that evaluate service coverage and impact.

Three or More (TOMS) Study

The major aim of the 2007-2008 Three or More Study (TOMS) project was to provide data on risk behaviour and condom negotiation in a cross-sectional sample of homosexually active men who engage in group sex. The study was conceived and designed in consultation with ACON, with funding from the New South Wales (NSW) Department of Health for the NSW component of the study, and additional support from VAC and QAHC to enable the study to be extended to Victoria and Queensland respectively.

The TAXI-KAB Study: Thinking About eXposure to Infection

This study was developed against a backdrop of major changes in the HIV prevention landscape. The emergence of new prevention approaches and technologies offers the potential to profoundly impact prevention engagement with Australian gay men but relatively little is known about the level of knowledge and hence preparedness of gay communities to engage with this new prevention paradigm. These fundamental shifts in HIV prevention responses and in treatment methods will profoundly affect HIV prevention education within gay communities.

Changing Direction: Mental Health Needs of Justice-Involved Young People in Australia

This report presents findings on the mental health of 465 justice-involved young people. Findings are drawn from a wider survey of the mental, sexual and reproductive health of young people (14–17 years old) in contact with the justice system (MEH-JOSH study) conducted in Queensland and Western Australia between 2016 and 2018. This survey aimed to overcome key knowledge gaps of this group who are often underrepresented in, or excluded from, research and community surveys.

Experiences of HIV: The Seroconversion Study Final Report 2007–2015

The Seroconversion Study has existed in several forms since 1992. This most recent version completed data collection in 2015. Seroconversion studies have played an important role in the Australian HIV response and are a useful research tool in understanding the current circumstances of HIV infection. This version of the Seroconversion Study occurred at a time of rapid and fundamental changes in our understandings, and implementation, of HIV treatment and prevention. As with previous versions of the study, it mainly targeted gay and bisexual men (GBM).

Pleasure And Sexual Health

The PASH Study collected both quantitative and qualitative data from mainly homosexual men to ascertain their understandings of pleasure and how it affects the decisions they make about sex. Men were recruited from a range of sources including gay community events, online social networking websites, and gay dating websites. A website presented information about the study and provided a gateway to the online survey; men also had the option of being interviewed face-­to­‐face. 2306 men completed the survey and 40 were interviewed in depth.

"Out" on the reef: 10 years on. A study of the experiences of gay men in Cairns, 2010 Report

For gay men living in Cairns, life probably remains very similar to how it was when the first “Out” on the Reef report was written in 2000. Men continue to be drawn there by the relaxed, tropical lifestyle, wilfully leaving behind the stress of larger urban gay communities. The men in these focus groups described differing levels of attachment to any gay community in Cairns, which generally matched their desire for it. For the most part, the wider community increasingly embraced the diverse nature of the expanding Cairns population.