Research Reports

HIV notifications in heterosexuals, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, people who inject drugs, and female sex workers in NSW, 2015–2019

This report provides an overview of data HIV diagnoses in heterosexual people, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and people who inject drugs in NSW during the NSW HIV Strategy 2016-2020, with analyses based on data available between 2013 and 2019.

Trends in HIV and HIV prevention indicators in gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men in NSW, 2015-2019

This report provides a detailed overview of trends in HIV diagnoses and HIV prevention indicators in gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) during the NSW HIV Strategy 2016-2020, with analyses based on data available to the end of 2019.

Evaluation of ACON’s community-based a[TEST] HIV and STI testing services, 2015–2019

This report presents the findings of an evaluation of a[TEST], a community-based HIV/STI testing service targeted at gay and bisexual men in NSW. This evaluation aimed to assess the effectiveness of the service in reaching priority populations, determine the number of HIV notifications captured by the service, and assess client satisfaction of the service. The contribution of a[TEST] to HIV prevention in NSW was also assessed.

Modelling of the infectious syphilis outbreak in Indigenous Australians

This report summarises key findings from mathematical modelling undertaken in 2018–2019 to provide insight into the infectious syphilis outbreak in Indigenous Australians occurring in regional and remote areas of Queensland, Northern Territory, South Australia and Western Australia. The research was undertaken by the Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, for the Multi-jurisdictional Syphilis Outbreak (MJSO) Working Group with funding from the Australian Department of Health.

The INTO? Study: Report of Results

The INTO? study was a cross-sectional survey of gay and bisexual men (GBM) in Australia conducted between December 2019 and March 2020. INTO? examined recent sexual and drug use events, with a focus on how biomedical HIV prevention methods may affect the negotiation of sex and drug use practices. Focusing on specific events rather than behaviour over a period of time can be useful to understand the complexities and specifics of intentions, behaviours, and disclosure of HIV status as individuals negotiate sex with different partners.

Hepatitis C Elimination in NSW: Monitoring and Evaluation Report, 2019

This report provides an account of progress towards hepatitis C elimination in NSW, as framed by state, national, and global strategies. The targets and associated objectives of these strategies are to improve testing, treatment, and uptake of preventative measures for hepatitis C, and to reduce the incidence, morbidity, and mortality associated with hepatitis C. Each objective has a series of measurable indicators for monitoring progress, including a set of specific targets that evaluate service coverage and impact.

Three or More (TOMS) Study

The major aim of the 2007-2008 Three or More Study (TOMS) project was to provide data on risk behaviour and condom negotiation in a cross-sectional sample of homosexually active men who engage in group sex. The study was conceived and designed in consultation with ACON, with funding from the New South Wales (NSW) Department of Health for the NSW component of the study, and additional support from VAC and QAHC to enable the study to be extended to Victoria and Queensland respectively.

The TAXI-KAB Study: Thinking About eXposure to Infection

This study was developed against a backdrop of major changes in the HIV prevention landscape. The emergence of new prevention approaches and technologies offers the potential to profoundly impact prevention engagement with Australian gay men but relatively little is known about the level of knowledge and hence preparedness of gay communities to engage with this new prevention paradigm. These fundamental shifts in HIV prevention responses and in treatment methods will profoundly affect HIV prevention education within gay communities.

Changing Direction: Mental Health Needs of Justice-Involved Young People in Australia

This report presents findings on the mental health of 465 justice-involved young people. Findings are drawn from a wider survey of the mental, sexual and reproductive health of young people (14–17 years old) in contact with the justice system (MEH-JOSH study) conducted in Queensland and Western Australia between 2016 and 2018. This survey aimed to overcome key knowledge gaps of this group who are often underrepresented in, or excluded from, research and community surveys.