1998 October Australian HIV Surveillance Report

Year published: 
1998 October Australian HIV Surveillance Report (pdf)
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The Australian HIV Surveillance Report has been published on a quarterly basis from July 1990. Reports published from January 1994 are available below. Each report includes article(s) on topics of general interest in the epidemiology of HIV and related infections updates on the number of cases of newly diagnosed HIV infection and AIDS in Australia estimates of HIV incidence and prevalence among people seen through a network of sexual health clinics in Australia.

The Australian HIV Surveillance Update provides a brief summary of HIV and AIDS diagnoses in the most recent quarter, the most recent year and cumulative counts. The Australian HIV Surveillance Update was published separately prior to the July 2000 issue of the Australian HIV Surveillance Report. Updates post April 2000 are included in the Australian HIV Surveilance Report.

Key findings: 
  • In Australia, all antiretroviral treatments are prescribed through the Highly Specialised Drugs Program. Summary data of the numbers of prescriptions filed for each antiretroviral drug are available through this program, based on returns from pharmacies.
  • In the last quarter of 1997, these data indicate that 5,483 people were receiving either zidovudine (AZT) or stavudine (d4T).
  • It is currently estimated that there were around 11,000 people living with HIV at the end of 1997, of whom around 10,000 were diagnosed with HIV infection.
  • Therefore, the drug supply data indicate that at least 55% of all people living with HIV, or 60% of people diagnosed with HIV, are receiving antiretroviral treatment.
  • Of those people receiving antiretroviral treatment, around 85% were receiving combinations of at least three antiretroviral drugs.