Other Surveillance Reports

2016 National Prison Entrants’ Bloodborne Virus Survey Bulletin

The National Prison Entrants’ Blood Borne Virus Survey (NPEBBVS) was first conducted in 2004 to determine the prevalence of bloodborne viruses in Australian prisons and to examine risk factors associated with exposure. It aimed to provide information on prison entrants at risk of contracting bloodborne viruses as a result of injecting or other behaviours conducted prior to imprisonment. The first survey included New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania.

Needle Syringe Program National Minimum Data Collection Data Dictionary

All eight Australian jurisdictions operate a range of needle syringe program (NSP) services and collect data on NSP activity. The NSP NMDC reports aggregated jurisdictional data. Although there are common areas of data collection across all jurisdictions, there are varied levels of completeness and alignment for some agreed NSP NMDC data elements. 

The NSP NMDC Data Dictionary provides guidelines and definitions for NSP specific data elements. The purpose of the NSP NMDC Data Dictionary is to provide a framework for the reporting of NSP NMDC data elements.

National Prison Entrants' Bloodborne Virus and Risk Behaviour Survey Report 2004, 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016

Prisoner populations are characterised by engagement in risk behaviours, most notably injecting drug use. Consequently they are at an increased risk of exposure to blood-borne viruses such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV. Previous Australian research has shown that hepatitis C is between thirty to forty times higher among prisoners compared with the general community. Surveillance of this population is important to monitor trends in the prevalence of blood-borne viruses and changes over time in risk behaviours.

Needle Syringe Program National Minimum Data Collection Report 2016

The Australian Government Department of Health, through the BBV and STI Prevention Programme, contracted the Kirby Institute to develop a Needle Syringe Program National Minimum Data Collection (NSP NMDC) to support the National Strategies for blood borne viral infections and sexually transmissible diseases and to complement the Australian Needle and Syringe Program Survey National Data Report.

States and territories have a strong interest in the ability to monitor trends over time and compare data across jurisdictions to help inform policy and practice.

National Prison Entrants' Bloodborne Virus and Risk Behaviour Survey Report 2004

Prisoner populations are associated with engaging in high risk behaviours, particularly injecting drug use. Consequently, they are at an increased risk of exposure to bloodborne viruses such as hepatitis C, hepatitis B and HIV. Studies have also shown that the correctional environment is a high risk environment for bloodborne virus transmission.

National Prison Entrants' Bloodborne Virus and Risk Behaviour Survey Report 2004 and 2007

Prisoner populations are characterised by engagement in a range of risk behaviours, most notably injecting drug use. Consequently they are at an increased risk of exposure to bloodborne viruses such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV. Previous Australian research had shown that hepatitis C is up to forty times higher in prisoners compared with the general community. Monitoring this population for the presence of blood-borne pathogens and trends in risk behaviours is important in planning effective prevention strategies for this population.

National Prison Entrants' Bloodborne Virus and Risk Behaviour Survey Report 2004, 2007 and 2010

Prisoner populations are characterised by engagement in a range of risk behaviours, most notably injecting drug use. Consequently they are at an increased risk of exposure to bloodborne viruses such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV. Previous Australian research has shown that hepatitis C is between thirty to forty times higher among prisoners compared with the general community. Therefore, surveillance of this population to detect the presence of bloodborne pathogens and identify trends in risk behaviours is important in planning effective prevention strategies.

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