Other Surveillance Reports

2016 National Prison Entrants’ Bloodborne Virus Survey Bulletin

The National Prison Entrants’ Blood Borne Virus Survey (NPEBBVS) was first conducted in 2004 to determine the prevalence of bloodborne viruses in Australian prisons and to examine risk factors associated with exposure. It aimed to provide information on prison entrants at risk of contracting bloodborne viruses as a result of injecting or other behaviours conducted prior to imprisonment. The first survey included New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania.

Needle Syringe Program National Minimum Data Collection Data Dictionary

All eight Australian jurisdictions operate a range of needle syringe program (NSP) services and collect data on NSP activity. The NSP NMDC reports aggregated jurisdictional data. Although there are common areas of data collection across all jurisdictions, there are varied levels of completeness and alignment for some agreed NSP NMDC data elements. 

The NSP NMDC Data Dictionary provides guidelines and definitions for NSP specific data elements. The purpose of the NSP NMDC Data Dictionary is to provide a framework for the reporting of NSP NMDC data elements.

National Prison Entrants' Bloodborne Virus and Risk Behaviour Survey Report 2004, 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016

Prisoner populations are characterised by engagement in risk behaviours, most notably injecting drug use. Consequently they are at an increased risk of exposure to blood-borne viruses such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV. Previous Australian research has shown that hepatitis C is between thirty to forty times higher among prisoners compared with the general community. Surveillance of this population is important to monitor trends in the prevalence of blood-borne viruses and changes over time in risk behaviours.