HIV in Australia: Annual surveillance short report 2018

Year published: 
HIV in Australia: Annual surveillance short report 2018
(8.17 MB)

This short report is a review of available surveillance data pertaining to the occurrence of HIV in Australia. It is a reference document for organisations and individuals interested in the occurrence of HIV in Australia, drawing together relevant data from many sources into a single comprehensive report. 

Key findings: 
  • There were 963 new HIV diagnoses in Australia 2017, the lowest number of diagnoses since 2010, with a 7% decline over the last five years, and a 5% decline between 2016 and 17.
  • Male‑to‑male sex continues to be the major HIV risk exposure in Australia, reported for 607 (63%) HIV diagnoses in 2017, with heterosexual sex reported for 238 (25%) diagnoses, both male‑to‑male sex and injecting drug use for 53 (5%) diagnoses and injecting drug use for 33 (3%) diagnoses.
  • The decrease in overall new HIV diagnoses is attributed to an 11% decline in new HIV diagnoses reporting male‑to‑male sex as likely exposure over the past five years, and a 15% decline between 2016 and 2017.
  • In comparison, there was a 10% increase between 2013 and 2017 in diagnoses reporting heterosexual sex, with a 14% increase between 2016 and 2017.
  • Of 238 HIV diagnoses in 2017 that were attributed to heterosexual sex, 61% (145) were in males, and 54% (128) were in people born in Australia.
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