This short report is a review of available surveillance data pertaining to the occurrence of HIV in Australia. It is a reference document for organisations and individuals interested in the occurrence of HIV in Australia, drawing together relevant data from many sources into a single comprehensive report.
- There were 963 new HIV diagnoses in Australia 2017, the lowest number of diagnoses since 2010, with a 7% decline over the last five years, and a 5% decline between 2016 and 17.
- Male‑to‑male sex continues to be the major HIV risk exposure in Australia, reported for 607 (63%) HIV diagnoses in 2017, with heterosexual sex reported for 238 (25%) diagnoses, both male‑to‑male sex and injecting drug use for 53 (5%) diagnoses and injecting drug use for 33 (3%) diagnoses.
- The decrease in overall new HIV diagnoses is attributed to an 11% decline in new HIV diagnoses reporting male‑to‑male sex as likely exposure over the past five years, and a 15% decline between 2016 and 2017.
- In comparison, there was a 10% increase between 2013 and 2017 in diagnoses reporting heterosexual sex, with a 14% increase between 2016 and 2017.
- Of 238 HIV diagnoses in 2017 that were attributed to heterosexual sex, 61% (145) were in males, and 54% (128) were in people born in Australia.